Observations on the Origins of the Enneagram

Virginia Wiltse, Ph.D. and Helen Palmer, M.A.

The search for Enneagram origins has produced many insights but few substantial answers. Where did the diagram come from? Why just nine Types? Why a nine-pointed star with a gap at the bottom? And why this specific order of the types around the star? This article will contend that answering these questions requires following a trail that leads backwards to a time before the life of the fourth-centur...

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