Dr. Bill Gamard

The following is an updated version of the descriptions in my Ph.D. dissertation (“Interrater Validity and Reliability of Judgments of Enneagram Personality Types,” 1986), which were original interpretations based on polarities within the Types. These were read and approved by Dr. Claudio Naranjo, who was a member    of my dissertation committee. However, some of the descriptions were too formulistic and generalized; also, I was more familiar with some of the Types than ot...

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